A Sailor’s Guide to Different Types of Anchors
Any experienced sailor will tell you that there is no on-size anchor system for all the vessels because you have to pick the right one based on different factors like the size and the type of your vessel as highlighted here! When it comes to deciding between the different types of anchors, you should include the composition of the seafloor in your decision making if you want to get it right. Since you never know the conditions you might find yourself in at sea, it is advisable to have more than one anchor aboard for the extreme conditions. Below is a guide on the different types of anchors you should know more about.
For someone who is going sailing for the first time or looking for something that is easy to handle and store, the flat shape of the fluke makes it the most suitable for you. If you are choosing an anchor based on the composition of the seafloor, these types of anchors are the ideal choices in muddy and sandy conditions but not ideal for other bottom types.
Apart from fluke, you will come across wing anchors which are the preferred choice for most people thanks to their all-round option; this is the most used type of anchor and the standard choice for most manufacturers and suitable for all conditions unless you are heading to rocky area. Among the top five types of anchors is plow anchor which is the ideal choice to have on your boat when going sailing since the pull of direction does not lift it out of the ground although you will have to put up with its weight and then difficulty of storing it.
Another type of anchor in this list of top five anchors is known as the claw which is always a secure choice for anchoring over a rock, something that no other type of anchor offers, but like most, it comes with the downside of low power meaning a heavier weight is required. Mushroom anchors are used for secure, long-term mooring in silt, soft mud, or loose sand; if you are looking for temporary anchoring, these are not the type for you unless you own a small boat looking to make a quick stop.
When you are choosing an anchor your boat, don’t just focus on its weight but holding power too; the holding power required by your boat helps in ensuring you are investing in the right one. Galvanized steel, stainless steel, and aluminum are some of the most common manufacturing materials for boat anchors, but due to their demerits, you should aim to find an affordable, corrosion-resistant and strong enough to provide the holding power required by your boat. These are the different types of anchors and the factors to consider when selecting a new one for your boat.